A neural-based computer architecture also would have far more working connections.
Each neuron in a neural structure can have connections coming in from about 10,000 neurons, Sandia Labs explained. However, conventional computer transistors connect, on average, to four other transistors in a static pattern.
Computer scientists have focused on mimicking the brain's neural connections before but there's much more excitement about this project because of the advances being made in the field.
Despite these advances, Sandia Labs noted that researchers should be able to create the new architecture, in simple forms, in the next few years. More complex systems may still be "decades" away.
Sign up for Computerworld eNewsletters.